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Types of Chemical Warfare Agents

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What is NBC?
Potential Areas of Risk
Nuclear Warfare
Biological Warfare
Types of Biological Warfare Agents
Chemical Warfare
Types of Chemical Warfare Agents

 

 

 

 

Characteristics and Effects of Chemical Warfare Agents

  Description Toxic Effects
Nerve
Agents
Tabun
GA
Vegetative Nervous System:
constriction of pupils (miosis), headache, runny nose, hypersalivation, vomiting, abdominal cramps, bronchospasm, diarrhea
Peripheral Nervous System:
twitching of muscle groups, respiratory paralysis
Central Nervous System:
convulsion, severe breathing difficulty or respiratory failure
Sarin
GB
Soman
GD
VX
VX
Blister
Agents
(Vesicants)
S-Mustard
HD
Damaging Effects to Skin:
Mustard: Latent period 6 - 8 hrs., then redness, itchiness, pearl-like blisters, necrotic lesions, secondary infections
Lewisite: no latent period, itchiness, blisters, lung edema, eyes/respiratory damage, systematic long-term damage
N-Mustard
HN1-3
Lewisite
L
Choking Agents
Phosgene
CG
Toxic Pulmonary edema:
Latent period (6 - 8 hrs.), free of symptoms, then coughing, breathlessness, unrest, chest pain, choking, high concentration immediately deadly
Chloropicrin
PS
Blood
Agents
Hydrogen Cyanide
AC
Cyanide is thought to act by combining with the enzyme cytochrome oxidase. Impairment of cellular oxigen use. Dizziness, increasingly dyspmeic, healthy skin colour, headache, cramps, respiratory standstill
Cyanogen Chloride
CK
Psychedelic
Agent
BZ
BZ
wide pupils, dry mouth,
angst, dizziness,
hallucination, worst case unconciousness

 

 

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