Types of Biological Warfare Agents

Know How
What is NBC?
Potential Areas of Risk
Nuclear Warfare
Biological Warfare
Types of Biological Warfare Agents
Chemical Warfare
Types of Chemical Warfare Agents





Biological Warfare Agents: The "Dirty Dozen" (acc. to WHO more than 30 substances)
  Pathogen Symptoms
Bacteria Inhalation Anthrax
Bacillus anthracis
Nonspecific symptoms of fatigue, myalgia, fever, nonproductive cough, followed by chest pain, respiratory distress, high fever, pneumonia. Other forms: Intest./Cutan. Anthrax (not as BW-Agents)
Pneumonic Plague
Yersinia pestis
Acute: high fever, headache, productive cough blood-tinged sputum, vomiting. Hematogenous dissemination: sepsis, shock, meningitis
Francisella tularensis
(Rabbit Fever)
Fever, chills, headache, myalgias, abdominal pain vomiting, diarrhea. Chest pain, pneumonia, cutaneous ulcer. Enlarged limph nodes.
Brucella suis
Nonspecific: Fever, malaise, body aches, sweats, muscel and joint aches. Hepato-/splenomegaly
Coxiella burnetii
Extremely infectious, no characteristic illness: severe headache, back pain, fatigue, weight loss
Burkholderia mallei
Burkholderia pseudomallei
Severe sickness, fever, rigors, pulmonary distress abscesses of internal organs (e.g. liver and spleen)
Viruses Smallpox
Acute: malaise, fever, headache, vomiting. Erythematous rash spread centrally to the trunk, quickly progresses to papules/pustular vesicles (centrifugal distribution). Pustules → scabs after 8 - 14 days
Venet. Equine Enzephalitis
Acute: febrile illness with severe headache, fatigue, photophobia, nausea, vomiting, rigors, myalgias (e.g. legs and lumbosacral area)
(Viral Hemorrh. Fever)
Myalgia, fever, headache, flushing of the face and chest, conjunctival/cutaneous bleedings, dizziness, hypotension, renal insufficiency, shock, death
Toxins Botulism
Clostridium botulinum
Blurred vision, dilated pupils, photophobia, difficulty with speaking/swallowing, (severe) muscle paralysis
Fever, chest tightness, nausea, gastrointestinal ailment, resp. failure, pulmonary edema
Sudden onset of fever, chills, cough, vomiting, diarrhea. Higher exposure: septic shock



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