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Chemical Warfare

Know How
 
What is NBC?
Potential Areas of Risk
Nuclear Warfare
Biological Warfare
Types of Biological Warfare Agents
Chemical Warfare
Types of Chemical Warfare Agents

 

 

 

 

What is it?
Weapons for either:

  • Weakening of the enemy by severely injuring them with poisons, natural material or drugs, or,

  • Killing of the enemy by contact with poisons, natural material or drugs.

  • Tactical reasons.

Effect:
Weakens or kills humans, animals and plants via skin/surface or lungs.

Actions after contamination:
Chemicals can be removed from personnel, equipment or vehicles after detonation of a C-weapon. The decontaminant can neutralize the warfare agent to prevent further poisoning.

History:

  • 10/27/1914: First use by Germans at the battle at Neuve-Chapelle, France
  • 01/1915: Used by Germans at Bolimow/USSR
  • 04/1915: 30 tons of chlorine used by Germans in Belgium against UK and France
  • 07/1917: Use of Clark I
  • 07/1917: First use of mustard gas in Belgium against UK troops
  • 06/17/1925: Geneva Protocol
  • 1936: Development of Tabun
  • 1938: Development of Sarin
  • 1944: Development of Soman
  • 1955: British and American scientists develop the V-warfare agents
  • 1958: VX developed in Sweden
  • 1961: Usage of phytotoxical warfare agents (Ag. orange, purple, white, blue used by US in Vietnam)
  • 1964: Usage of irritant gases (CN, CS, DM) by US Airforce in Vietnam
  • 03/1972: Ratification of the Geneva Protocol
  • 1976: Negotiation between USA and USSR about destruction of C-weapons
  • 07/10/1976: TCDD (Dioxin) poisons the environment of Seveso/Italy. 190 people have chlorine poisoning, 40 houses have to be knocked down, the soil surface has to be removed
  • 08/1979: End of negotiation, because of possible use of mycotoxines by USSR in South East Asia
  • 12/02/1984: Chemical accident at Union Carbide, Bhopal/India. 40 tons of Methyl-isocyanate kill 8000 people immediately
  • 03/20/1995: Sarin-attack on the Tokyo subway by the Aum-sect

 

 

 

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