Biological Warfare

Know How
What is NBC?
Potential Areas of Risk
Nuclear Warfare
Biological Warfare
Types of Biological Warfare Agents
Chemical Warfare
Types of Chemical Warfare Agents





What is it?
Weapons based on either:

  • The production of micro-organisms (bacteria, viruses, toxins, fungi or parasites) respectively,

  • The distribution of metabolic products of the micro-organisms mentioned above.

Infection of humans, animals and plants via:

  1. Inhalation
  2. Droplet inection
  3. Transfer through food
  4. Transfer by insects
Actions after contamination:

Micro-organisms can be removed from personnel, equipment or vehicles after detonation of a B-weapon.

Biological warfare agents can be decontaminated respectively disinfected.


  • 1346: Pest infected bodies were thrown over the walls of Kaffa city
  • 1850: British use smallpox infected blankets to fight American Indians
  • 1915: Anthrax used by German spies in several countries
  • 1925: Geneva protocol signed by 30 countries. Usage of B-weapons forbidden during war
  • 1932: B-weapons tested by Japanese on 3,000 Chinese prisoners of war
  • 1942/43: Anthrax bacteria tested by British scientists on the Gruinard Island which is contaminated for decades
  • 1940-44: Anthrax bacteria used by Japanese in Chinese cities
  • 1969: USA declares that they stop developing B/C-weapons
  • 1950/66: USA tests non-pathologicical micro organisms in cities such as San Francisco and New York
  • 1972: Signing of the B-weapon convention, valid from 03/26/1975
  • 1979: Anthrax accident in Swerdlowsk, USSR
  • 1995: Iraq produces B-weapons
  • 1998: Israel and South Africa; research gene specific B-weapons
  • 2000: B-weapon convention signed by 143 countries



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